1938 - Nico
Born on this day in Koln, Germany, Nico (Christa Paffgen), singer with The Velvet Underground, whose first album, the only one to feature her, was one of the most influential of all time on aspiring musicians. Nico died on 18th July 1988 from a brain haemorrhage, while on holiday in Ibiza. She had hit her head after falling off her bicycle as a result of a minor heart attack.
1943 - Fred Turner
Fred Turner, bass, vocals, Bachman Turner Overdrive, (1974 US No.1 & UK No.2 single 'You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet').
1945 - Roger Hawkins
Roger Hawkins, American drummer best known as part of the studio backing band known as the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section of Alabama. He played on many hits including, Percy Sledge (When a Man Loves a Woman), Aretha Franklin (Respect,, Wilson Pickett (Mustang Sally, The Staple Singers, Johnnie Taylor, Cat Stevens, Duane Allman, Joe Cocker, Paul Simon, Bob Seger, Rod Stewart, Bobby Bland, Traffic and Willie Nelson.
1947 - Bob Weir
American musician and songwriter Bob Weir, best known as a founding member of the Grateful Dead. The group released more than 140 albums during their career, the majority of them recorded live in concert.
1952 - Cordell Mosson
Cordell Mosson, American bassist who was a member of Parliament-Funkadelic. Mosson died of liver failure on April 18, 2013.
1960 - Bob Mould
American musician Bob Mould, principally known for his work as guitarist, vocalist and songwriter for alternative rock bands Husker Du in the 1980s and Sugar in the 1990s.
1962 - Michael Balzary
Michael Balzary, (Flea), bass, vocals, Red Hot Chili Peppers (1994 UK No.9 single 'Give It Away' and 1992 UK No.26 single 'Under The Bridge', 2002 UK No.1 album By The Way).
1969 - Wendy Wilson
Wendy Wilson, vocals, Wilson Phillips, daughter of Beach Boy Brian Wilson, (1990 US No.1 & UK No.6 single 'Hold On').
1977 - John Mayer
John Mayer, US singer, songwriter 2003 Grammy award winner for 'Our Body Is A Wonderland', and the 2004 US No.1 single 'Daughters'.
1961 - Patsy Cline
Decca records released 'Crazy' by Patsy Cline. The ballad, composed by Willie Nelson gave Cline a No.2 country hit in 1962. Nelson originally wrote the song for country singer Billy Walker, but Walker turned it down. The song's eventual success helped launch Nelson as a performer as well as a songwriter. It spent 21 weeks on the chart for Cline, and eventually became one of her signature tunes.
1967 - Joan Baez
Folk singer Joan Baez was arrested, along with 123 others, for blocking the entrance to an Armed Forces Induction Center in Oakland, California.
1969 - Bobbie Gentry
Bobbie Gentry was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with the Burt Bacharach and Hal David song 'I'll Never Fall In Love Again,' the singers only UK No.1.
1969 - Leonard Chess
Record company executive and founder of the Chess record label Leonard Chess died of a heart attack aged 52. Home to John Lee Hooker, Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley Little Walter, The Moonglows, The Flamingos, Jimmy Reed and Sonny Boy Williamson.
1972 - Creedence Clearwater Revival
Creedence Clearwater Revival split up following the failure of their most recent album, 'Mardi Gras'. After limited success as a solo act and some legal hassles with Fantasy Records, John Fogarty would have two big hits in 1985, 'Center Field' and 'Rock and Roll Girls'. John's brother Tom Fogarty died in September, 1990 and the surviving members have been touring as Creedence Clearwater Revisited.
1976 - Rick Dees
One Hit Wonders Rick Dees and his Cast Of Idiots went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Disco Duck, (part one)'. Dees was a US TV and radio presenter, the song became a No.6 hit in the UK.
1976 - Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder's 'Songs In The Key Of Life', went to No.1 on the US album chart, (the working title was Let's See Life the Way It Is). Featuring the tracks 'Sir Duke', 'I Wish', 'Pastime Paradise' and 'Isn't She Lovely', it was Wonder's third US No.1 and became the best-selling and most critically acclaimed album of Wonder's career.
1992 - Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan's 30th Anniversary (of his recording debut) tribute concert took place at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Guest performers include Neil Young, Eric Clapton, George Harrison, Roger McGuinn, Tom Petty, Ronnie Wood and Dylan himself.
2001 - Bob Dylan
Two security guards were sacked after refusing to allow Bob Dylan into his own concert. Dylan who had demanded that security on his 'Love and Theft' tour should be tighter than ever didn't have a pass when he arrived backstage.
2006 - Patti Smith
CBGB, the legendary New York punk club credited with discovering Patti Smith and Ramones, closed after a final gig by Smith herself. Blondie and Talking Heads also found fame after performing at the club, which helped launch US punk music. The venue first opened in December 1973, its full name CBGB OMFUG standing for "country, bluegrass, blues and other music for uplifting gormandizers".